Monday, July 18, 2011

CPR saves a life, right here in Stittsville!

Updated: Sun Jul. 17 2011 6:25:43 PM

A two-year-old boy is safe in hospital after his parents saved him from drowning Sunday afternoon near Stittsville.

Ottawa paramedics said they received a call around 4:30 p.m. Sunday. The boy had been found in a pool after not being seen for two to five minutes.

When he was found, paramedics said the child had turned blue and was not breathing. His parents reportedly gave him CPR at which time the child vomited and started to breathe.

When paramedics arrived they said the child was lethargic and crying, at which time they gave him oxygen therapy and re-warmed him.

They said the child was in stable condition when he arrived at hospital.

Wednesday, July 13, 2011

More info and questions about defibrillators

Frequently Asked Questions

Q: What is sudden cardiac arrest?
A: Sudden cardiac arrest is a condition in which the heartbeat stops abruptly and unexpectedly. This usually is caused by ventricular fibrillation, when the bottom ventricle of the heart quivers uncontrollably and cannot pump blood. Rapid defibrillation is the only effective treatment for this.
Q: Is sudden cardiac arrest the same as a heart attack?
A: No. A heart attack is a condition in which a blood clot suddenly blocks a coronary artery, resulting in the death of heart muscle supplied by that artery. Heart attack victims usually experience chest pain and usually remain conscious. Heart attacks are serious and sometimes lead to sudden cardiac arrest. However, sudden cardiac arrest may occur independently from a heart attack and without warning signs. Sudden cardiac arrest results in death if not treated immediately.
Q: Who is at risk for sudden cardiac arrest?
A: While the average age of sudden cardiac arrest victims is about 65, sudden cardiac arrest is unpredictable and can strike anyone, anywhere, anytime.
Q: What is an AED?
A: An AED, or automated external defibrillator, is a device that automatically analyzes heart rhythms and advises the operator to deliver an electric current if the heart is in ventricular fibrillation, an otherwise fatal rhythm.
Q: Do I have to be a doctor, nurse or paramedic to use an AED?
A: No. Non-medical people can use AEDs successfully after a few hours of training.
Q: How do AEDs work?
A: AEDs are automated - they take the decision making process out of the hands of rescuers and place it in an internal computer chip. They don't use paddles but instead have patches called electrodes that are easily placed on the victim's chest. The device uses a recorded message to give step-by-step instructions to the user. The AED analyses the heart and will only deliver a shock to the victim if it detects the presence of cardiac rhythms that require defibrillation. If the victim is not in cardiac arrest, the AED will not deliver the shock.
Q: What about CPR?
A: Cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) is an integral part of the "Chain of Survival." In the absence of a defibrillator, CPR can be used from the time of collapse until the defibrillator arrives - this may extend the amount of time that a patient can still be successfully defibrillated. The probability of survival is improved if the victim receives CPR while waiting to be defibrillated.
Q: Shouldn't we wait until the ambulance arrives?
A: It is impossible in the majority of cases for paramedics to arrive at the sides of sudden cardiac arrest victims quickly enough to initiate CPR and give rapid, life-saving defibrillation. The reason is this: For every minute that passes after a sudden cardiac arrest, the chance for survival drops by 10 per cent.
Always start CPR first.
Q: What if I forget the steps for shocking a victim?
A: The steps for shocking a patient in cardiac arrest are simple and straightforward. Just follow the visual and audio prompts provided by the AED machine.
Q: Can I hurt the victim with an AED?
A: Most victims of sudden cardiac arrest will die if their hearts are not shocked right away with a defibrillator. If you follow standard procedures and routine safety precautions, your actions can only help.
Q: Can I accidentally shock myself?
A: AEDs are extremely safe when used properly. The electric shock is programmed to go from one pad to the other through the victim's chest. Basic precautions, such as not touching the victim during the shock, virtually ensure the safety of rescuers.
Q: Do all ambulances carry defibrillators?
A: Yes. All ambulances and fire response vehicles carry AEDs. The new "Heart Safe City" Program places AEDs in all marked City of Ottawa Police cars as well.
Q: Should AEDs be used on children who suffer sudden cardiac arrest?
A: No. If the victim appears to be less than eight years old or appears to weigh less than 25 to 30 kilograms (55 to 65 lbs.) do not attach the AED. Instead, proceed with CPR and call 9-1-1.
Q: Our organization has limited resources. Why should we spend our money on an early defibrillation program?
A: An automated external defibrillator is the most important computer a business could ever buy. It is a key occupational health and safety investment. Over 50 Canadian organizations involved in emergency cardiac care, including the Heart and Stroke Foundation, encourage the widespread availability of automated defibrillators. AEDs are becoming standard emergency care, and starting in October 2000, anyone trained in CPR in North America will automatically be trained on AED use as well.
Q: What if the AED malfunctions?
A: When AEDs are maintained properly, malfunctions are extremely rare. They require little maintenance. In the unlikely event that a device does not work, follow manufacturer's recommendations and do CPR until help arrives.

Defibrillator saves life

If you were not completely convinced of the many benefits of the AED's ( automated external defillators), we urge you to read the following story. When taking our community program, you will be taught how to work with the AED by our instructors who will bring a real machine in class. Here is the story;

Hockey AED Saves Life in Haldimand County

Dunnville, ON
An off-duty nurse saved the life of a 39-year-old hockey player after he collapsed in the penalty box on Saturday evening. The male, who experienced cardiac arrest, regained a pulse and breathing through CPR (cardiopulmonary resuscitation) and the use of an on-site AED (automated external defibrillator). Paramedics arrived quickly and stabilized the patient who began to regain consciousness. The patient was transported to the Haldimand War Memorial Hospital where he is reported to be in good condition.
The placement of the AED at Dunnville Arena was made possible by the Heart and Stroke Foundation of Ontario’s Heart&Stroke Restart a Heart, Restart a Life Campaign. A $3 million grant from the Ministry of Health Promotion - the largest in North America - coupled with a $1 million donation from The Frank Cowan Foundation ensured that 1,000 AEDs would be distributed throughout the province.
"Haldimand County received funding from The Heart&Stroke Restart A Heart, Restart a Life Campaign, for 14 AEDs and related training," said Bill Thomas, Interim CEO, Heart and Stroke Foundation of Ontario. "This save is a testament to what happens when individuals in the community learn CPR and when an AED is within reach."
In this case, a 39-year-old male was playing hockey at the Dunnville Arena and shortly after returning to the bench, he collapsed. A bystander removed the defibrillator from the cabinet and an off-duty nurse went to the patient’s side. The cabinet alarm prompted attention from arena staff who quickly called 9-1-1. After one round of CPR, the nurse used the defibrillator to administer one shock, which resulted in a return of pulse.
"The odds are almost four times greater if someone performs CPR immediately, and when combined with early defibrillation, AEDs can increase sudden cardiac arrest survival rates to 50% or more if delivered in the first few minutes," says Mr. Thomas.
The Heart and Stroke Foundation, in partnership with the Ontario Government and The Frank Cowan Foundation, is making possible the purchase, installation and associated training for AEDs in communities across the province. With the help of individuals, community groups and corporate sponsors, like The Frank Cowan Foundation, one day AEDs will become as commonplace as fire extinguishers in Ontario to save lives.
"We feel that the addition of the defibrillators throughout Haldimand County has been a huge success and a tremendous benefit to the health of our community. Additionally, Haldimand County would like to thank the Heart and Stroke Foundation for their initiative to place public access defibrillators in communities such as Haldimand County. Lastly, that a call such as this shows how easy it is to learn CPR and defibrillation and ultimately how important it is," says Rob Grimwood Manager, Emergency Services/Fire Chief.

Tuesday, July 5, 2011

Something fun!

Here's a something we came across that's just a blast!
See if you can stump Akinator, the Genius!
This has nothing to do with First Aid or CPR, but some things should just be fun!
Enjoy the site!